Another well-controlled clinical study evaluated 279 subjects with mild to moderate plaque-type psoriasis (mean Body Surface Area at baseline was % with a range from 1% to 20%) of non-scalp regions. Subjects were treated twice daily for 2 weeks with OLUX (clobetasol propionate) Foam or Vehicle foam. The face and intertriginous areas were excluded from treatment. The efficacy of OLUX (clobetasol propionate) Foam in treating non-scalp psoriasis at the end of 2 weeks' treatment was superior to that of Vehicle foam. See Table 2 below.
Like other topical corticosteroids, clobetasol propionate has anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, and vasoconstrictive properties. The mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of the topical steroids, in general, is unclear. However, corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A 2 inhibitory proteins, collectively called lipocortins. It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor , arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.
In moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis, Clobetasol Propionate Cream (Emollient) applied to 5 - 10% of body surface area can be used for up to 4 weeks. The total dose should not exceed 50 g per week. When dosing for more than 2 weeks, any additional benefits of extending treatment should be weighed against the risk of HPA suppression. Therapy should be discontinued when control has been achieved. If no improvement is seen within 2 weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary. Treatment beyond 4 consecutive weeks is not recommended. Use in pediatric patients under 16 years of age has not been studied.